Role of AI in telecom

The development of new forms of communication and faster, more dependable methods of social interaction have both been made possible by advances in telecommunications. With the assistance of AI development services, this industry has successfully evolved from using landline telephones to dial-up internet connections. It is a highly resilient sector.

In order to maintain a competitive advantage, the telecommunications industry must remain current with the most recent advances in AI ideas. With the incorporation of Artificial Intelligence and cloud-based technologies, the telecommunications industry continues to be at the center of growth, new opportunities, and innovation. This is due to the fact that these technologies make the industry highly competitive for everyone. One can easily learn about all the applications of AI, not just in telecom but in other industries by enrolling in an AI course. 

AI in Telecom

Today’s telecommunications industries are being pressured by customers to provide improved user experiences and higher-quality services in order to keep up with customer expectations. With the assistance of artificial intelligence in telecom that is tailored to the needs of their customers and an eye toward fostering long-term business relationships, companies can more easily meet the challenge and compete with one another.

The majority of AI applications being developed today are geared toward improving various parameters. These are very narrowly focused applications like the following:

1. Increasing the Performance of a Radio Signal 

At the moment, machine learning (ML) is utilized in mobile networks in order to optimize the flow of data to and from a Base Station (BTS). The radio parameters are determined by the distance to users, the number of users who are connected, and various environmental factors. In turn, they establish the maximum amount of data that can be sent over a given quantity of spectrum in a given amount of time. Interference also plays a role in this, as it allows for the coordination of radio resources between micro and macro cells. Algorithms are being used to dynamically determine which portion of the spectrum should be used for which user and with which parameters in order to achieve the highest level of efficiency possible. Artificial intelligence can be used to “tune” the parameters of these algorithms.

2. Power Management

In order to reduce power consumption in live mobile networks, techniques from machine learning are utilized. Antennas are able to dynamically adjust their radiation pattern, direction, and strength to meet demand by taking into account data regarding the weather, the number of users, and their location. This results in a savings of energy, for example during the night when the demand for data is relatively low. It also results in a more efficient use of the base stations, as a larger surface area can be operated at set-up points where the need for capacity is not uniform. During the day, the demand for data is relatively high.

3. Estimation of the Quality of the Transmission

Optical connections are susceptible to signal interference and interruption, both of which can result in irreparable damage to the equipment. The application of machine learning allows for an estimation to be made in advance regarding how well the transmission will work over a connection. It determines the optimal route by taking into account factors such as the length of the cable, the presence of other signals within the cable, and the age of the equipment. This analysis is used to determine the path that the traffic will take. It is also possible that these algorithms are used in wireless networks, for example, to determine the amount of error correction or redundancy that is used (for example, retransmission). Expert systems and machine learning algorithms are two forms of artificial intelligence that have seen widespread application in the field of telecommunications. Meanwhile, machine learning and distributed AI are the two forms of artificial intelligence that hold the greatest potential for the foreseeable future.

4. Learning based data

The AI model we use today is the result of extensive (historical) data analysis being applied to its development. An algorithm can “learn” the desired outcomes by examining this data in conjunction with a specific input. This learning or so-called “training” can be shaped in a variety of ways, including the following:

  • Offline Learning is when a model is trained offline, either once or on a regular basis, using a fixed dataset. Before the model is put into production, it is possible to test and validate both the model itself as well as the data that it uses;
  • When using online learning, the model is trained in the same way that it is when using offline learning; however, it is then retrained periodically using new data;
  • Continuous Learning means that the model is continually improved by incorporating newly collected data. In contrast to online learning, there are no longer multiple “versions” of the model; rather, each inference request has the potential to directly influence the decision that will be made by the AI next.

The application of artificial intelligence in the field of telecommunications can facilitate the resolution of a number of difficult and time-consuming issues, while at the same time delivering a substantial amount of value expansion to customers and business owners alike. The latter has always been collecting substantial amounts of telemetry and service usage statistics, but the majority of this data has never been used in a meaningful way because there has never been sufficient software.

With the help of artificial intelligence, a vast amount of data that was previously underutilized can be transformed into rich soil that can support the growth of new services, an improvement in the quality of existing services, an elevated level of customer experience, and the optimization of business operations. Studies that were conducted relatively recently predict that artificial intelligence will generate nearly 11 billion dollars by the year 2025 in the telecom industry. This staggering amount is expected to continue growing as the range of applications for AI broadens.